LPG is Liquefied Petroleum Gas. Liquefied
Petroleum Gases (LPG) are obtained by refining
of crude oil and from natural gas by oil absorption
or refrigerated absorption process.
Gases are mixtures of hydrocarbons, which
are gaseous at normal ambient temperature
and atmospheric pressure, but can be liquefied
at normal ambient temperature by application
of moderate pressure.
It is a clean burning, non-poisonous, dependable,
high calorific value fuel.
LPG is stored and transported in containers
as a liquid, but is generally drawn out and
used as a gas.
LPG in gaseous state is nearly twice as heavy
as air. Any leakage of LPG, therefore, tends
to settle down at floor level.
Liquid LPG is almost half as heavy as water.
Thus, when liquid LPG gets converted to a
gaseous state, it expands by about 250 times.
The leakage of liquid LPG is therefore very
contains no toxic components such as carbon
monoxide and is, therefore, non-poisonous.
Fuel gases will burn only when mixed with
air in certain proportions. The minimum and
maximum concentrations of a fuel gas in a
gas / air mixture between which the mixture
can be ignited are termed as the over and
upper limit of inflammability - The lower
flammability limit for LPG is 2% and the higher
limit is 8.5%.
Pure LPG is colourless and odourless. LPG
is distinctively odourised to give warning
in case of leakage. Its smell is detectable
in air at concentrations down to 1/5th of
the lower explosive limit.
are the uses of LPG?
Lpg can be used for various
application such as:
|Grain drying /
Weed killing / Preservation of fruits
/ tobacco curing / Tea drying
/ Paint baking
|Biscuit & Glost
firing of porcelain & stoneware
|Heating & Drying
|Bulbs & Tube
lights manufacture / filament manufacture
is cooking gas?
Cooking gas is Liquefied
Petroleum Gas, LPG in short. LPG, as the name
implies, is gas in liquid form under pressure.
It is filled under pressure in cylinders,
stored and then transported to your house.
What happens when you
activate the pressure regulator? First the
pressure inside the cylinder is reduced because
some gas is drawn off to the burner. Then
to balance the pressure some liquid vaporizes,
LPG in gaseous form is
almost twice as heavy as air. When released
it always settles down on the floor level.
It is colourless and also odourless, so a
special odour is added at the plant to give
it a distinctive smell for easy detection
in case of leakage.
How do I get a new LPG connection?
New LPG Connections are now available on demand.
All you need to do is approach the nearest Bharatgas
Distributor catering to your area with a proof
of your residence address. The various documents
accepted as proof of residence are Ration Card,
Electricity Bill, Telephone Bill, Passport, Employer's
Certificate, Flat allotment / possession letter,
Voters Identity Card or Rent Receipt.
Distributors stock only ISI certified hotplates.
However, it is not mandatory for you to buy your
hotplate from the Distributor. Any make of your
choice will suffice as long as it bears the ISI
connection will be released to you immediately
on completion of required formalities. At the
time of installation of the connection in your
kitchen, please allow the Distributor's staff
to demonstrate how to use the LPG equipment.
What are the documents I
will receive after obtaining a new LPG connection?
of requisite deposit you will be issued a Subscription
Voucher[SV], which you must keep safely.
Distributor will issue a booklet called the Domestic
Consumer Gas Card, popularly known as Blue Book
or the Pass Book where the particulars of your
LPG connection, the details of supply and other
services are entered by the distributor's staff.
would also be issued LPG Safety and Conservation
you need any further information, please contact
the Customer Relations centre. The address is
displayed at all Bharatgas Distributors' showroom
these are also advertised in the Press. You can
view the list in the Customer Care section.
do I get a new LPG distributorship?
where new LPG Distributorships are to be set up
are advertised in at least one English daily and
two Regional Vernacular dailies having maximum
circulation in the district in which the distributorship
is to be set up.
may collect the application forms from the address
mentioned in the advertisement and apply for the
distributorship provided you fulfill the eligibility
criteria specified in the advertisement. Thereafter,
an interview will be conducted